NSMutableArray中删除对象知多少

1 removeObjectAtIndex和removeObject的不同之处

removeObjectAtIndex:

Removes the object at index .
To fill the gap, all elements beyond index are moved by subtracting 1 from their index.

Important:Important
Raises an exception NSRangeException if index is beyond the end of the array.

删除指定NSMutableArray中指定index的对象,注意index不能越界。

removeObject:

Removes all occurrences in the array of a given object.
This method uses indexOfObject: to locate matches and then removes them by using removeObjectAtIndex:. Thus, matches are determined on the basis of an object’s response to the isEqual: message. If the array does not contain anObject, the method has no effect (although it does incur the overhead of searching the contents).

删除NSMutableArray中所有isEqual:待删对象的对象

从API文档可以看出,两者之间的主要区别是removeObjectAtIndex:最多只能删除一个对象,而removeObject:可以删除多个对象(只要符合isEqual:的都删除掉)。

2 在NSMutableArray循环中删除对象

2.1 可能多删的做法

删除数组中的第一个@”remove”

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- (void)removeObjectsUseFor
{
NSMutableArray *contents = [@[@"how", @"to", @"remove", @"remove", @"object"] mutableCopy];
for (NSInteger i = 0; i != contents.count; ++i) {
NSString *var = contents[i];
if ([var isEqualToString:@"remove"]) {
[contents removeObject:var];
break;
}
}

NSLog(@"%@", contents);
}

结果如下:

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2016-07-31 21:14:13.541 RemoveObject[5862:310398] (
how,
to,
object
)

removeObject:的说明中可以看出,removeObject:不仅删除该对象本身,而且删除NSMutableArray中所有isEqual:待删对象的对象

2.2 可能漏删的做法

删除数组中所有的@”remove”

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- (void)removeObjectsUseFor
{
NSMutableArray *contents = [@[@"how", @"to", @"remove", @"remove", @"object"] mutableCopy];
for (NSInteger i = 0; i != contents.count; ++i) {
NSString *var = contents[i];
if ([var isEqualToString:@"remove"]) {
[contents removeObjectAtIndex:i];
}
}

NSLog(@"%@", contents);
}

输出:

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2016-07-31 21:19:59.615 RemoveObject[5886:315162] (
how,
to,
remove,
object
)

2.3 引发崩溃的做法

删除数组中所有的@”remove”

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- (void)removeObjectsUseForIn
{
NSMutableArray *contents = [@[@"how", @"to", @"remove", @"object"] mutableCopy];
for (NSString *var in contents) {
if ([var isEqualToString:@"remove"]) {
[contents removeObject:var];
}
}

NSLog(@"%@", contents);
}

输出:崩溃

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2016-07-31 21:27:40.337 RemoveObject[5915:321407] *** Terminating app due to uncaught exception 'NSGenericException', reason: '*** Collection <__NSArrayM: 0x7f9388c95580> was mutated while being enumerated.'

不要在for in 循环中删除数组内部对象。

2.4 正确但别扭的做法

删除数组中所有的@”remove”

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- (void)removeObjectsReversed
{
NSMutableArray *contents = [@[@"how", @"to", @"remove", @"remove", @"object"] mutableCopy];
for (NSInteger i = contents.count - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
NSString *var = contents[i];
if ([var isEqualToString:@"remove"]) {
[contents removeObjectAtIndex:i];
}
}

NSLog(@"%@", contents);
}

输出:

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2016-07-31 21:31:37.655 RemoveObject[5934:325316] (
how,
to,
object
)

倒序删除,正确但有点别扭!

2.5 优雅的做法

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- (void)removeObjectsUseEnumration
{
NSMutableArray *contents = [@[@"how", @"remove", @"to", @"remove", @"object"] mutableCopy];
NSIndexSet *indexSet =
[contents indexesOfObjectsPassingTest:^BOOL(NSString * _Nonnull var, NSUInteger idx, BOOL * _Nonnull stop) {
return [var isEqualToString:@"remove"];
}];
[contents removeObjectsAtIndexes:indexSet];

NSLog(@"%@", indexSet);
NSLog(@"%@", contents);
}

输出:

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2016-07-31 22:10:42.404 RemoveObject[6014:338210] <NSIndexSet: 0x7fb73a516040>[number of indexes: 2 (in 2 ranges), indexes: (1 3)]
2016-07-31 22:10:42.404 RemoveObject[6014:338210] (
how,
to,
object
)

先通过indexesOfObjectsPassingTest:把待删除对象的index找出来,再调用removeObjectsAtIndexes:进行一次性删除。

3 总结

  1. 不建议在NSMutableArray循环中使用removeObject:删除该NSMutableArray内部对象,此举可能引发误删,如2.1所示;
  2. 不建议在NSMutableArray的for in 循环中删除对象,此举可能引发崩溃,如2.3所示;
  3. 建议删除NSMutableArray内部对象时,先拿到待删对象的index,再进行一次性删除,如2.5所示。